Using Reverse Osmosis as a Substitute for Ion Exchange
Location: Throughout World
Capacity: 1-Unlimited m³/day
There is a popular misconception that the only way to get the quality of water that is appropriate for various process applications is to pass towns mains (or private supplies of sufficiently good quality) through either a dealkalisation, twin bed or mixed bed demineralisation plant or indeed be supplied in bulk with demineralisation water of the appropriate quality.
Many organisations do not realise what money is spent in manufacturing high quality water, purchasing and handling acid and caustic, discharging effluent (sometimes involving specialist lined drainage systems), hydraulic loadings on effluent plants etc.etc.
Although modern dealkalisation and demineralisation plants can be configured to have short cycle regeneration times, they do need copious amounts of high quality water in order to carry out their regeneration sequence within 30-40 minutes.
Traditional demineralisation systems require up to 3 hours carrying out their regeneration, and as such, large strategic storage arrangements need to be made.
Depending on the quality of the local water supply depends the running costs of a dealkalisation or demineralisation water plant.
The cost of acid and caustic regenerant plus disposal is often ignored in the initial evaluation of plant requirements and specifications.
As a result, decisions are often made based on initial capital costs and not on running costs, which as well as regenerants must also include both environmental and hydraulic impact.
By using the well proven alternative to ion exchange/demineralisation plants i.e. reverse osmosis (R.O.) considerable savings in running costs can be made on moderate to high TDS waters in all areas of running costs.
R.O. systems have three main consumables, power, water and maintenance chemicals, whether they be salt for water softening or antiscalant type products.
Even if we take into account the water required to manufacture pure R.O. water being 25% of the forward flow rate (on good quality softened water supplies recovery rates can be as high as 90%, this compares well with demineralisation systems which consume approximately 20% of treated water produced during the regeneration process.
Dealkalisation plants use about 10% of their forward flow as regeneration water.
Well configured Single Pass R.O. plants can give water qualities of between 5 and 30 ppm (as TDS) (25-50 microsiemans) very easily, have the advantage of producing zero BOD and COD and have very low running costs especially if run on softened water.
The concentrate water if softened can very easily be used in less critical applications for initial chemical dilutions, washdown, general-purpose cleaning etc.
R.O. water quality and stability tends to be more reproducible than that produced by demineralisation systems. Water production and quality is less affected by changes in towns mains water ionic loading (TDS).